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How to choose an acoustic guitar.
( sources : Wikipedia, Emma music, Gibson, Guild )

- Form
The 2 most popular : Dreadnought and Jumbo.
Dreadnought form was created in 1916 to provide a wider and richer sound.
With a Jumbo form, sound is stronger because of its size. Country bands use it.

Framus vintage Dreadnought
Framus vintage Jumbo

made in spruce, or thuya (not cedar), or mahogany.
Spruce is a bright wood which becomes yellow when getting old.
More closed are the wood ligns, better 'll be the sound.
The best qualities : Adirondack and Sitka. No bow 'd be found.
Bright, dry, crystal-clear sound. Rich in the high notes at all levels if graining is very dense.
Tuja is a black wood crackproof, so very used. Powerful, round sound, rich in the basses notes.

Back and sides
In rosewood, mahogany and maple tree. The best one is Brasilian wood. Indian wood is used as well.
Rosewood provides a stronger and more powerful sound than mahogany and maple, with brightness and deepness in basses notes.
Mahogany provides a particular sound. (and the whole soundboard could be made in mahogany as well in this case)
Maple provides a crystal-clear sound, little basses, brightness in medium, and great high notes

in mahogany or maple tree.

in rosewood or ebony.
Ebony is better resistant to temperature gaps.

Comparisons (non exhaustive)

Brand Model Form Soundboard Back & Sides Fingerboard

G340Takamine G340





J185ECGibson J185


Sitka spruce

Indian rosewood



1942 J45 LegendGibson 1942 J45 Legend


Adirondack spruce

Honduras mahogany

Madagascar rosewood


Hummingbird True VintageGibson Hummingbird True Vintage


Sitka spruce




F50Guild F50






D55Guild D55


épicéa Sitka

Indian rosewood



000-28MECSUMartin 000-28MECSU


Heavy spruce

Madagascar rosewood

Indian rosewood


J40Martin J40


Heavy spruce

Indian rosewood

Heavy ebony

Changing strings.

corde guitare

Put the string in tailpiece. A string badly fitted out can slip and guitar goes out of tune constantly.
Insert string at the bottom of the hole.

corde guitare

Spin round 2 or 3 times for E, A, D and 3 times at least for G, B, E clockwise.

corde guitare

To prevent slipping when tuning, at first put again the string underneath and go back before tightening.
The string 'll lock as it winds, thus it 'll prevent slipping. Then tune up the guitar

Start with the 1st and 6th strings, then the 2d, 5th, 3rd, 4th.
You 'll get a balance pressure over the bridge and tune 'll be faster.
Check the tune at the 12th fret : it'd be harmonic.
If sharp, move bridge toward tailpiece. If flat, move bridge toward fingerboard.

Here is a summary of strings gauges for acoustic guitar.

(in dark : Brass )

guitar string gauge

Truss rod.

trussrod guitare

Remove cover at top of the headstock. Put a capo at 1st fret. At 14th fret, hit the E-low string.
Measure distance between 5th fret and the underside of the low E. You need 0.15 mm ±0.5 mm.

Remove capo. Check out distance at 12th fret of low E : 2.16 à 2.36 mm.
Proceed with the E-high string : 1.78 à 1.98 mm.
Check distance at 1st fret of E-low string : 0.56 mm ±0.05 mm.
Check distance at 1st fret of E-high string : 0.51 mm ±0.05 mm.

To tighten, screw clockwise as shown.

Bridge adjustment

Gibson tune-A-matic

See this site : FRETS

In this website, you'll find out many subjects about guitar adjustment.


Here are some videos which 'll give you a very good idea.
But ask a professional guitar maker. All adjustments are mutually dependent.





( See a very good synthesis in Wikipedia )

Standard tuning is EADGBE :
       E + fourth ⇒ A + fourth ⇒ D + fourth ⇒ G + third ⇒ B + fourth ⇒ E

Many guitar players chose these Open Tunings.
For instance :
       FADGBE     low E → F
       EBEG#BE      Open E
       EAEAC#E      Open A
       EADF#BE      Luth
       GCFADG       Luth
       EADGCF         Blues
       DADGAD       Jimmy Page (Davey Graham)
       DGCGCD       Rain Song
       CGDGCD       Orkney
       CGCDGC       Bliss
       DADF#AD     Open D
       DADGBE      Drop D
       DGDGBD      Open G
       DADACD      Top Jimmy
       CGCGAE      C6
       CGDAEG      Robert Fripp
       FADGBE        Jewel
       GBbDGBbD     Gm

To see notes on neck (EADGBE and open tunings) : Orbite.

To find out chords in Open tunings :
       - Hawaiiansteel.
       - Looknohands.


A very good french website : La guitare électrique vue par Renaud Battle or read this pdf file.

Want a customized guitar ? see Adrian Kuban-Maruszczyk. (beautiful bass guitars)

I like this good quality - price website : Thomann.

Wanna a blues vintage guitar ? Read this article. You 'll get french-english terms used.

Tutorial Open Tuning
Wanna blues tabs ? Get HERE. Aladdin's cave !

A chords generator ( click upon image ) :

generateur accords guitare

Download what I am using :   Open Tuning tabs

Chords book :

Wanna know the name of the chord with your notes : Zikinf.

Guitar Pro is a software for music (gp3 4 5 6 format).
To download scores in Guitare Pro format, see :

911tabs abc-tabs ultimate-guitar gprotab mysongbook
adil-blues guitareriff tablatures tabondant guitare-riff
partition gratuite grattable vinzi 1001tabs

To get a resources list.

A free software : Power Tab (ptb4 format)
If you don't succeed reading old gtp files, use DGuitar.

I found out a french tabs editor : Tabledit, here you'll get many tabs.

Wanna write your personal music? Use Sibelius

To convert your pdf score files into music files : PdfToMusic Pro

To buy a very good bottleneck, get to Diamond

Drop by Marty Swchwarz site. Or subscribe here to get many video tutorials. I love it.

Wanna learning blues : Keith Wyatt.


Chord C is the basis : a triade of notes : root, third, fifth.

1=C 2=D 3=E 4=F 5=G 6=A 7=B and octave 8=C 9=D 10=E 11=F 12=G 13=A ...
C major : C , E , G. (root = C , third= root+2tones, fourth = root+2.5tones, fifth = root+3.5tones)

Watch out the following, it's not difficult to understand.

Major chords

C = 1 3 5 ⇔ C E G Other combinations are inversions.
C6 = 1 3 5 6 ⇔ C E G A
CMaj7 = 1 3 5 7 ⇔ C E G B
Cadd9 = 1 3 5 9 ⇔ C E G D
C6add9 = 1 3 5 6 9 ⇔ C E G A D (= C6 9+) or C6/9
CMaj9 = 1 3 5 7 9 ⇔ C E G B D (= C9 7+) or C9#7
Csus4 = 1 4 5 ⇔ C F G 3rd removed, replaced with 4th

Minor chords
3rd is half of tone diminished

Cm = 1 3♭ 5 ⇔ C E♭ G (E♭=D#)
Cm6 = 1 3♭ 5 6 ⇔ C E♭ G A 6th added.
Cm6add9 = 1 3♭ 5 6 9 ⇔ C E♭ G A D or Cm6/9
Cm7 = 1 3♭ 5 7♭ ⇔ C E♭ G B♭ 7th minor added.
Cm9 = 1 3♭ 5 7♭ 9 ⇔ C E♭ G B♭ D
Cm11 = 1 3♭ 5 7♭ 9 11 ⇔ C E♭ G B♭ D F
CmMaj7 = 1 3♭ 5 7 ⇔ C E♭ G B
Cm7♭5 = 1 3♭ 5♭ 7♭ ⇔ C E♭ G♭ A♭

Other chords

C5 = 1 5 ⇔ C G 3rd removed (Power Chord)
C5+ = 1 3 5# ⇔ C E G# 5th half a tone increased
C5- = 1 3 5♭ ⇔ C E G♭ 5th half a tone diminished
CMaj7♭5 = 1 3 5♭ 7 ⇔ C E G♭ B
C7 = 1 3 5 7♭ ⇔ C E G B♭ (= Cdom7) 7th minor added
C7+ = 1 3 5# 7♭ ⇔ C E G# B♭ (= C7#5 = C7 5+) 5th major added
C7+♭9 = 1 3 5# 7♭ 9♭ ⇔ C E G# B♭ D♭
C7- = 1 3 5♭ 7♭ ⇔ C E G♭ B♭ (= C7♭5 = C7 5-) 5th minor added
C7♭9 = 1 3 5 7♭ 9♭ ⇔ C E G B♭ D♭ (= C7♭9 = C7 9-)
C7sus4 = 1 4 5 7♭ ⇔ C F G B♭ 7th minor added, 3rd removed, 4th added
C9 = 1 3 5 7♭ 9 ⇔ C E G B♭ D (= Cdom9)
C9+ = 1 3 5 7♭ 9# ⇔ C E G B♭ D# (= C7#9)
C9- = 1 3 5 7♭ 9# ⇔ C E G B♭ D♭ (= C7♭9)
C9#5 = 1 3 5# 7♭ 9 ⇔ C E G# B♭ D (= C9 5+)
C9♭5 = 1 3 5♭ 7♭ 9 ⇔ C E G♭ B♭ D (= C9 5-)
C11 = 1 3 5 7♭ 9 11 ⇔ C E G B♭ F
C11+ = 1 3 5 7♭ 9 11# ⇔ C E G B♭ F#
C13 = 1 3 5 7♭ 9 11 13 ⇔ C E G B♭ D F A
C7dim = 1 3♭ 5♭ 7♭♭ ⇔ C E♭ G♭ A (= C°)

You could easily get other chords in different tunes. Ex : For D, add 1 tone.
Here is a summary :


To get chords in a quick way, go to Guitare-Live or see them in the following table :
(sharp = # - flat = ♭)

Major minor Augmented sus4 add9 minor add9+
5 6 minor 6 6 add9 minor 6 add9 7
7dim 7 sus4 Major 7 minor 7 minor Major 7 Major 7 5-
minor 7 5- add7 7 5- 7 9- add7 9- 9
Major 9- minor 9 11 minor 11 13 7 9+

Remarks :
You can notice that :
Gm7 = B♭6     Dm6 = Bm7 5-
Am7 = C6     Gm6 = Em 7 5-
Dm7 = F6     Am6 = F#m7 5-
Em7 = G6

For instance : Am7 = 1 3♭ 5 7♭ ➔ A C E G and C6 = 1 3 5 6 ➔ C E G A
Also : Dm6 = 1 3♭ 5 6 ➔ D F A B and Bm7 5- = 1 3♭ 5♭ 7♭ ➔ B D F A

On some scores, you could see 2 chords separated with /
It's a reversed chord ⇐ (chord / bass).
Ex : G ( G B D ) is G B D G B G ➔ 3 2 0 0 0 3
G/B 'd give x B D G D G ➔ x 2 0 0 3 3. Also G/D 'd give x x D B D G ➔ x x 0 4 3 3

Tabs glossary

Please go and watch a video showing some effects (in French).


bending guitar strings


articulations guitar strings


harmonique naturelle
Place the fret hand slightly on
the note and pick the note.
harmonique artificielle
Play 1st note
then the 2nd note on neck
with another finger.
Pick the note
have your thumb
slightly catch the string
after it is picked

Sounds effects

Please, wait during loading Flash.

Effects and their tabs :

Some classics.

Pentatonic scales

Please wait during loading flash animation
Move mouse over a title to see animation.

5 fifth based on C scale. (see fifth circle) ⇒ {C , G , D , A , E} ⇐ 3.5 tones between.
On neck, pentatonic minor scale is a combination of :
     positions 1, 2 : {A , C , D , E , G}
     position 3 : {C , D , E , G , A}
     position 4 : {D , E , G , A, C}
     position 5 : {E , G , A , C , D}
     position 6 : {G , A , C , D , E}

For pentatonic major scales, 1.5 tones are removed.
{C, G, D, A, E} ⇒ {A, E, B, F#, C#}
On Neck, you get {A, B, C#, E, F#}

Hope my explanations are more simple and clear that you could read elsewhere.

May I suggest you to buy Les cahiers du blues from Jean-Jacques Rébillard.
Expensive but it's worth it.

Power chords

Power chords are mostly used in saturated electrical sound, indeed heavy saturated.
2 notes are mostly used ( root and fifth ) and 3 notes ( root, fifth, octave ) as well. See Flash for C5.
Inasmuch as you respect the previous instructions, many other possibilities are offered.
Watch out the strings muted. ( x in example )
By translating on neck, you'll get (D5, E5 , F5, G5, A5, B5).

Most used power chords at top of the neck are :

chord E5
chord A5
chord F5

chord G5
chord B5
chord C5

Some open chords


accords guitare open G

slide slant open G

You could see most of them by Stovermusic

Tips to tune to Open G E(6) A(5) D(4) G(3) B(2) E(1) :
1 - Low the 6th string 1 tone. Compare with 4th string. D A D G B E
2 - Low the 5th string 1 tone. Compare with 3rd string. D G D G B E
3 - Low the 1st string 1 tone. Compare with 4th string. D G D G B D
Notice that 2 (B) , 3 (G) et 4 (D) didn't change.

₪₪₪₪₪₪ Videos Tutorials ₪₪₪₪₪₪

Guitar lessons

iVideoSongs : part 1/4    part 2/4    part 3/4    part 4/4   

Brown Sugar

Honky Tonk Women

Robert Johnson - Delta Blues style

₪₪₪₪₪₪ Examples Open G ₪₪₪₪₪₪

Start me up - ( Keith Richards )

Download tabs (pdf + gp4)

intro start me up
D muted


chorus start me up
D muted

p ⇒ Pull-Off ( or : )
M ⇒ Mute
/ ⇒ Slide down
\ ⇒ Slide up
s ⇒ Slide between
h ⇒ hammer on
b ⇒ bend
r ⇒ release bend
t ⇒ tap
~ ⇒ vibrato
* ⇒ no slide

sharp = #
flat = ♭
sus = suspended (sus4 : 3rd removed, 4th added )
add = one note added (add9 : 9th added)

Honky Tonk Women - ( Keith Richards )

Download tabs (pdf + gp4)

Open D : DADF#AD

slide slant open D

You gotta move - Mississipi Fred Mac Dowell
You gotta move - Mississipi Fred Mac Dowell
You don't know my mind - LeadBelly (Hugh Laurie release)
You don't know my mind - LeadBelly


accords open DADGAD

Trucs de Jipes - Open DADGAD

Guitar Lessons - Open DADGAD

iVideoSongs : part 1/3    part 2/3    part 3/3   


D7+4 D11

Open E

accords guitare open E

iVideoSongs : part 1/3    part 2/3    part 3/3   

Keith Richards 's riffs

Start me up Open G.
Sad sad sad Open G.
You can't always get what you want Open G.
Brown sugar Open G.
How I wish Open G.
Honky tonk women Open G.
Love in vain.
Gimmie shelter Open G or standard.
Happy Open G.
999 Open G.
Midnight rambler Open G capo 3rd fret.
The last time.
Jumping jack flash Open D.
19th nervous breakdown Open G.
Paint it black.
Torn and frayed Open G.
Let it loose.
Little TeA Open G.
Slave Open G.
Waiting on a friend Open G.
Just my imagination Open G.
Soul survivor Open G.
Beast of burden Open G.
Some girls Open G.
Rocks off Open G.

Chords dictionary

I built a dictionary with finger positions, easily read on a mobile phone. Click on image.
dictionnaire accords guitare

Some chords need very good skill. That's not me.
① forefinger ② middle ③ ring ④ little
notation : Fx = F##
To respect construction we note E# (= F) et B# (= C).

To get the key of a score, first watch the beginning of the tab, you 'll find the classic G key, followed with accidentals # or ♭ (7 max).
Order (F, C, G, D, A, E, B) for # and (B, E, A, D, G, C, F) for ♭. (Note the opposite sense)
The number of accidentals gives key.
Without accidental, you get C major or C major -1.5tone = A minor.
To find the key, just add 1/2 tone to the last # note OR take the next to last ♭.

(If only one ♭ you get F major or A♭ minor)
Examples :
2# so F and C ⇒ tonality C# + 0.5t = D major or B minor
2♭ so B and E ⇒ tonality B♭ major ou G minor.
To know if it's in minor mode, watch out if 7th of key has a # or ♮.
Here is the 5th circle :

cercle des quintes


Here are 2 metronomes from Instinct Guitare.

Téléchargez Adobe Flash player
Simple Metronome
Téléchargez Adobe Flash player
Full Metronome

Rhythm box

→ Virtual

Source : (need Java plugin)

Click on image to start.

boite à rythme Monkey

If you got a warning message which says application is locked, here is the workaround :
     - Open Windows Config panel.
     - Click Java.
     - In Security tab, put on Middle.
     - In exception list, enter and

I found out a good french tutorial on Youtube or go to site Overdrive.

→ Physical

I bought the Roland Boss DR-880 rhythm box, supposed to be a very good one.

Roland Boss Dr-880

I went through some tough moments when trying to install this box using an usb cable under Windows 7 pro 64 bits. I was stuck even I followed instructions step by step.
Proceed considering that follows.

In book page 124, heading Before using USB, you need to set up the right USB mode on the box before install. Follow instructions. Choose Midi to get then a painless install.
For Windows 7 64 bits, get the driver.
Proceed installation of the driver in admin mode using setup.exe
Don't plug in the usb cable and don't turn on the box until the install program has said it.


Here are some images of John Dopyera 's patent (1928-1930) for the tricone.
Rights have been credited to George Beauchamp, his first partner

Dobro guitare resonator

Dobro guitare resonator

Dobro guitare resonator

Dobro guitare resonator

Dobro guitare resonator

ma guitare Recording King MT30 (Johnson)

Resonator guitar is very often named Dobro (this is wrong).
Instead, Dobro is Dopyera Brothers 's brand.
To get full story and meaning of « Biscuit » et « Spider » ? see welikemusic.
Don't miss Wikipedia.
Difference between resonators has been described here.

See this website as well.

A very good paper about a French guitar maker at Vitry sur Seine : Fine Resophonic, close to Paris.

To clean the metallic parts, use a soft duster and white vinegar.
For persistent stains, use a metal restorer (except for a vintage brass resonator).
You could aplly then a carnauba wax as for car. (from Nationalguitars)

My guitars

- A resonator Recording King MT30.
- 1 Framus 6 strings acoustic guitar.
- 2 Framus 12 strings acoustic guitar.
- 1 Welson 12 strings acoustic guitar.
- 1 Gibson B.B. King Lucille Ebony ARLCEBGH1 (type ES345).
- 1 Fender Precision Bass Artist Roger Waters.
   To extend to 5 years the Fender guaranty, go to Fender France.
   Serial number is written at the top of the neck and this bass is referenced as 014-7000-306
- 1 mandolin banjo 8 strings (1927). I didn't learn how to play it.

Framus et Welson

Gibson BB King Lucille Ebony ARLCEBGH1

Fender Precision Bass Artist Roger Waters

Banjo 8 cordes

Blackstar HT5 amp & multi-effects pedal

ampli 5W BlackstarHT-5

This great little lamps amp (push-pull) is perfect to use in a house and it sounds loud. In a flat, better using an headset. HT5R model has gotten Reverb, unuseful if you use an effect pedal.

You got a CLEAN sound pretty banal, an interesting overdrive with ISF which allows to move from US sound to british sound. (In fact, an HT-dual pedal embedded).
This HT5 amp uses "momentary" technology to change canal (clean / overdrive). If you use another footswitch that the one Blackstar gave, you have to set it to 'momentary' instead of 'latch'.

You could get output to external loudspeakers, emulated, ... To see a presets list, see that website.
You can share your own sets to complette the database.

On backside you get a serial effect-loop, rather scarce on a small amp.
The 2 lamps are : 12BH7 for pre-amp and 12AX7 (ECC83) for main amp.

Improvement :
- Some people recommend to put a 12AX7 (7025 Highgrade) lamp from TAD (Tube Amp Doctor) to get a warmer sound.

12AX7 (7025 Highgrade) Tube Amp Doctor

Other people recommend to replace 12AX7 with a 12AU7 to get a crunch sound (max gain) instead of ultra-lead.
I have read that :
     12AU7 (ECC82) : gain 17
     12AT7 (ECC81) : gain 60
     12AX7 (ECC83) : gain 100
(lamp 12 AX7 Tung Sol is not advisable : too much medium, no grain)
You need to adjust the polarization circuit as soon as you change the power lamp.
See bias settings.

- In 2009, some amps got problems with the effect-loop.
A fixup has been published : The loop moved right after the volume adjust.

modification ampli Blackstar HT5

- The backside of the combo is opened. Some people suggest to replace the loudspeaker with a Celestion G10 Vintage.
The new amps got a 12" loudspeaker instead of a 10".

I use a pedal effect ToneLab ST with this amp.

Vox ToneLab ST

It wasn't so easy to set the right connections to get the best sound effects results.
3 connection types are workable :
• Guitar → Input amp ; Send loop amp → Input Tonelab ; Output Tonelab → Return loop amp
⇒ Pedal is between preamp and HT5 amp.
Result : big snoring. (gain trouble because of 2 pre-amps serial setting ?)

• Guitar → [ Input Tonelab - Output Tonelab ] → Input amp
⇒ Sound ok but nothing special.

• Guitar → [ Input Tonelab - Output Tonelab ] → Return loop amp
One enters straightly in HT5 amp and pre-amp is shunted. Tonelab is the pre-amp.
Sound and effects are warmer, but take care of gain for UK Rock, UK metal, US highgain, US metal, Boutique metal amps settings otherwise the loudspeaker 'll rumble.
I chose this connection. I switched Amp on Line (backside of Tonelab) and attenuator to -10dB (HT5 loop).

As a matter of interest, I quote another type of connection, unfortunately impossible with Tonelab ST : 4 cables method.
You need a multi-effects console with a loop :
Guitar → [Guitar In console]
[FX send console] -→ Input amp
[send loop amp] -→ [FX return console]
[output console] -→ [input loop amp]

For more informations , see this video published by Line6 for a POD HD500.

On, you can share effects library in 'Toneroom'.
You can download ToneLab ST Librarian and ASIO / USB pc driver as well.
You must choose the usb port to connect the pedal and always plug it to.
An USB printer cable allows connecting Tonelab ST to computer. By default, you'll get the 0-49 programs. (user programs)

Vox ToneLab ST

In main directory, a double click upon TLST_PresetProgram.tlst 'll display the 50..99 preset programs.

Vox ToneLab ST

The file TLST_ExtraProgram.tlst give you many other examples. (in 0...49)
The method to set up some examples isn't practical at all. Here it is :
- Connect effects pedal with USB cable to computer.
- Switch on Tonelab.
- Run ToneLab sound librarian. Programs 0..49 are displayed.
- File → Save or CTRL S to save 0..49 if you put any changes.
- File → Open → TLST_ExtraProgram.tlst Programs 50..99 are displayed.

Supposing you want to replace programs 0..49 by 50..99
- Click line 50, then the others to get orange color from 50 to 99. → CTRL C to copy.
- Go to line 0. CTRL V to replace ⇒ The whole 0..49 have been replaced.
- Then File → Close File or CTRL W.
- File → Transmit. Message Executing... is displayed.
- Close program. Now you have gotten extra programs from 0 to 49 and factory preset programs from 50 to 99.

You could also change only one effect. For instance, line 18 has to be replaced by line 62.
Be aware that if you use CTRL to select 2 (or many) lines not adjacent, the copied lines 'll be pasted together .
Ex: 63 , 74 , 85 selected → mouse over line 11 → CTRL V → llines 11 , 12 , 13 are replaced by 63, 74, 85.

But it is not an editor !
I found out a website where an editor for Tonelab ST has been carried out : or download STlab I got.
This great program allows to change effects as you could do it on the Tonelab.

If in 'Toneroom', you got sound effect (tlp or tllp extensions), I found out a converter to read these files: TonelabConverter.

Instrument makers in Grenoble and vicinity

Deshairs 12 place Victor Hugo 04 76 46 24 13 (good welcome)
Michel Musique 24 rue Dr Mazet 04 76 46 28 82 (nothing special welcome)
Ferré Musique 1 rue Génissieu 04 76 87 56 56 (very good welcome)
Lennback Music 104 Cours Jean Jaurés 04 80 38 92 02 (closed on Thursday morning)
Sylvain Balestrieri 1 chemin de la blanchisserie 04 76 03 29 50

Vintage Guitar 27 Avenue des sept Laux - Meylan.
Vincent Thomas 10 chemin du lavoir - St Hilaire de la Côte.

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